Friday, October 30, 2015

The CNC Family (part 1 of 2)


CAM stands for Computer Aided Manufacturing. It simplifies the programming processes which are new, and added to the CNC program regularly. Of course, the easy applications can be programmed with only the simplest machines around: the pen, paper and calculator. However, more complex programs are vital regularly. It is when composing these programs become much more tricky and (worse) tedious.

The CAM is a program that runs on a computer that aids the CNC programmer with the programming. It also works hand-in-hand with the CAD (Computer Aided Design) design drawing (those designs engineers compose/nurture). With the CAM helping, redefinition of the work-piece configuration is not needed. What the CNC programmer is left to do is just to specify the machine operations to be executed and the CAM system will compose the CNC program automatically. Thanks to CAM, programming tediousness will not be a problem to the CNC programmer again.


DNC stands for Distributive Numerical Control. It is a computer that is connected with one or more CNC machines, forming a network. When a program is manually composed and ready to be loaded to the CNC control, it is being typed right into the control. However, this is like using the CNC machine as a luxurious keyboard.

Moreover, if the CNC program is achieved with the help of CAM, it is already in text form and ready to be loaded to the CNC control. The DNC simply distributes the CNC program to more than one CNC machine. Lately, the newest controls are more advanced in terms of networking capabilities and can be networked with, say, the Ethernet.

If it’s your first time to read and learn about the CNC, it may sound so mighty and ubiquitous. It’s about time you learn they also need help from some programming friends such as the CAM and the DNC. No man is an island; but hey, neither are CNC machines.

The CNC Family (part 1 of 2)

You might have not heard of the CNC before, or what it does, or how it makes lofty manufacturing operations a lot easier. However, CNC machining is dubbed as one of the most important factors of most production processes. The common tasks CNCs machines usually perform are drilling holes, tool changing, cooling and lubrication of separate factory machines at the same time.

Let’s start with a brief introduction. CNC stands for Computer Numerical Control and it has been around since the early 1970’s. Before it was christened CNC, it was called NC, for Numerical Control. When computers were introduced during 1070’s, the name changed. It has stroked almost all manufacturing forms in almost all stages of production. CNC machines either substitute some existing manufacturing processes or combine work with them.

A CNC program is just any other set of instructions. It’s written like a sentence and the order of operation is chronological. The machine will then execute that set of instructions step-by-step. A special series of CNC words/codes are used to relay what the machine is supposed to do. CNC codes begin with letter addresses (like S for spindle speed, and X, Y & Z for common linear axis motions).

When certain codes are arranged together in a coherent method, this group of CNC codes create a “command” that is like a sentence. A common CNC machine will only be needing around 40-50 words/codes to program different commands. See, it’s not very difficult to learn.

Although CNC sounds very independent and do-it-all, there are a few words that you need to know to fully understand CNC operations.

Tuesday, October 27, 2015

Economic Recession and What it Can do to You (part 2 of 2)

To prepare for this eventuality, try to check the background of your company. Listen to the office grapevine about potential losses. Usually, you will know if a company is losing money. If you feel that your company is losing money, make a back up plan just in case you lose your job. This is especially true if you are working in the assembly line or in the production line.

2. It can make life harder
Prices will often be high during an economic recession. This is because fewer supply of products will cause a rise in the prices. Although government will try to balance the situation out by introducing tax cuts, this may not help the situation especially if there have been many job losses.

Besides this, outlook in life will also be more pessimistic and sadder. People will try to scrimp on their expenses, no longer going for their usual entertainment. Although, there has been a study that movie tickets sales go up during recession. This is perhaps because people want to forget their problems for a while and just enjoy the world of the make believe.

3. It is not forever
One hopeful thing that people can look forward to is the fact that economic recession is not forever. As mentioned before, recession is a cycle and when you are down, the only way you can go is up. That is why, for the meantime the goal during these trying times is to ride the waves and survive. There is no need to panic or to worry about the future. You'll see, everything will right itself.

Economic Recession and What it Can do to You (part 1 of 2)

A country's economy operates in a cycle. Sometimes you are up and sometimes you are down below. An economic recession is the low part of that cycle. People do not notice that it is happening before because government was swift to act on it and its policies and clout were able to stabilize the country's economy before much damage is done. However, recently, the efforts of the government and their policies were not enough to stop the downward spiral of the country's economy.

With rising costs in oil affecting the prices of basic commodities, people are scrimping on their purchases. This has affected companies leading to job losses and financial problems. The real estate industry has also crashed leaving many foreclosed properties because people just can't afford to pay the monthly premium anymore. The same goes with the banking and insurance sectors who are also feeling the heat of the economic recession.

But what is it really about? How can economic recession affect our daily lives and how is the government responding to it. Here are some of the things that you should know about recession and the things that it can do to you if you don't watch out.

1. It can make you lose your job
Economic recession is a period known for job cuts. When demand for products lessened and companies lose their money, the only way they can survive is to cut jobs. And this they cab justify as there will also be reduction in production. If you are one of the unlucky few who are working for a company experiencing such losses, you may stand to lose your job.

Sunday, October 25, 2015

Home Exchange or Rental-Which One is For You? (part 2 of 2)

Like vacation homes, this is a do it yourself endeavor unless there are maids available. The choices for home swapping are quite limited and the key to success lies on being open minded instead of focusing on a certain date, location, or property. You can look for a clean accommodation in the location you are wishing to stay.

In addition, home swapping gives you an opportunity to become more acquainted with the owner prior to reaching an agreement to trade homes before your trip. A big advantage of home swapping is you can build relationships with the owner, which is rare with a home rental.

Moreover, home trading comes with a garage so this can be a big factor when coming from the airport. You can also benefit from this during your stay as you can use your car for local travel. Just make sure that you arrange insurance coverage as well as for miles and damages.

A home trade is more complicated to set up compared with a home rental but nevertheless can be an exciting family endeavor. Of course, the thought of having another family staying in your home as well as other questions can be a cause for worry. As a result, this can be a deterrent to enjoying your vacation.

On the question of which is the better option? With home rental, you simply look for a property, book it, make the necessary payments, and you're off. Likewise, it offers a wide range of choices.

In the case of home trading, this option is less costly. It gives you the opportunity to establish friendships, learn new languages, visit new places, and the list goes on. However, home swapping is not for everyone but nevertheless a viable option if you want to enjoy your vacation.

In the end, home exchange is the most cost-saving option than vacation rentals. So give home swapping a thought when planning to travel for several weeks.

Home Exchange or Rental-Which One is For You? (part 1 of 2)

Going away for weeks? Consider swapping your home with another family instead of a vacation home. Here we will find out which is better than home exchange or vacation home.

A home rental can be quite convenient. All you need is to pay the rent depending on how long you will be staying. You can direct your payment to the owner of the property or course it through a rental or travel agent.
Usually, you will not have a hard time choosing the property. There are brochures that indicate the size and cost of the property you are considering. The good thing about them is that they allow pets and are already fully furnished.

Usually the best choice is to look for a huge property that can house from 7 to 12 persons. Their price is lower than a hotel which charges per person. Although some rental properties will require you to do most of the work, they also offer housekeeping services.

The advantage of renting a vacation home is that it is less expensive and offers several options and is applicable in your country. Home rentals in a foreign country are usually more costly because of the travel cost. Unless you are in a tour package, you would have to arrange and pay for your expenses from the airport to your rented property.

On the other hand, home swapping provides you with two alternatives. The first option is to swap your property with another homeowner for a few weeks. The second option is to do time sharing for a second vacation property or your own home for a certain period.

Thursday, October 15, 2015

Finding The Best Campsite In France (part 2 of 2)

A totally different feel is the agricultural ambiance of Domaine le Poteau in Castlenau d’Auzan. In this campsite you’ll hear the tractors passing by instead of the waves arriving at the shore line. The campsite is situated in Gers’ bountiful wine producing country. You’ll find a vineyard near the campsite and the area itself is surrounded by a garden of small shrubs and trees. Another great appeal of the campsite is the covered communal dining area where the owners often prepare meals for their guests and serve white wine from their vineyard.

Another similar camping experience is the one in Lacave. The farm camping experience in this site is another great experience. With the River Ouysse flowing past the farmhouse and under a canopy of walnut and poplar trees, the site is a great place for a hike. You’ll find a tightrope bridge there which leads to the woods for a refreshing hike.

There’s one thing that you should carefully look for when you find the best campsite in France that fits your needs. And that is the price. Yes, more often than not, campsites in France charge feeds for adults and children campers alike.

So carefully look at the advertised price so you can weigh your choices and prepare for the expenses.

Finding The Best Campsite In France (part 1 of 2)

With literally thousands of campsites in France, it would be a good question to ask where the best place to pitch a tent and enjoy the great outdoors. However, despite the intimidating numbers finding the best campsite in France is not actually that difficult. All you need is to look for reviews of known campsites and ask for recommendations from people who have actually gone camping in France.

Be aware though that the best campsites are not just the commercially and commonly known ones. You’ll find a couple of smaller sites that have quite unique appeal. You will eventually find the right campsite that will fit your specific needs with a little patience and hard research.

Probably one of the more popular campsites is the Romarins, Èze. Nestled in the hills near Monaco you will have a great view of the coast from your tent. The rosemary and olive trees add to the ambiance. If you’re looking for a camping place that have amenities like swimming pools and other forms of entertainment, then the Romarins is not the campsite for you. When you pitch your tent here, what you will enjoy is the quietness and calmness of nature.

Another good place is the Les Ormes, St. Étienne de Villeréal. This is a campsite that has more class with rattan loungers and a designer pool. The site is patterned from a famous and high class tent hotel so don’t be surprised to find some comfortable spring beds. This campsite is famous for its vineyards that looked pretty much like the pictures you see in travel books. You’ll find some castles and paper mills as backdrops during camping. And of course, the wine is made from sauvignon and semillon grapes at Château Monbazillac.

If you want a more seascape view, then the camp in Les Criques de Porteils in Argelès-sur-Mer would suit you just fine. Located on the Mediterranean, south of Perpignan, it has lots of wide spreading trees that keeps the campsite well hidden from passersby in the nearby road. To add to the charisma of the place are the old Franco-Spanish buildings and the Catalan street signs. You can see three beaches which are exclusively reserved for campers. You can also find a diving school nearby.

Monday, October 12, 2015

Steps to Composting (part 2 of 2)

Your compost pile should always be maintained. Aside from keeping it moist, you must add up on the trimmings as well as the soil whenever necessary. You can also add some manure to help advance the decomposition process. Aside from these, you should also take time to turn the pile every once in a while. This way, air circulation will improve and this will also make the process faster.

When will you know that the end result is ready to be utilized? If it already smells like earth and it already looks like dark soil, then it is time to get it out of the bin and utilize it on your gardens.

Some gardeners believe that the products of compost alone will not make your garden soil completely healthy. You must aid that with other materials and use the compost just like how you will use a conditioner on your hair. It can be treated as an amenity but not the complete package.

To make the process easy on your part, you have to remember that you are doing this for the sake of nature. You are only giving back what it has given to you. And look around you very closely before starting out the process. Your location should be good enough to accommodate this process. This should not cause any inconvenience on your neighbors as well as your family members.

Composting is good and can be easily done. You just have to remember to do everything with the responsibilities completely retained in your heart and on your mind.

Steps to Composting (part 1 of 2)

Organic matters tend to decompose naturally. But you can actually help make the process easier by learning the process of composting.

Having a compost may be easy or hard, depending on the way you will do things and how you will manage your time in doing so.

Hot or Cold?

There are basically two ways in having compost done. It can either be hot or cold. The cold type is the easier route. You just have to leave the pile to rot. That is the idea. You gather useful materials for your compost. This includes matters like leaves, grass trimmings, vegetable peelings, fruit scraps and all the waste that can be seen in the garden. But this will take a long time because you are not really helping the materials on the pile to disintegrate much faster.

This is the difference of your second option, the hot type. For this, there is an art and method being followed starting from the time that you put your materials on bags or compost bins. Some people recommend that you place the green leaves first, add soil, then you can add the kitchen wastes.

The latter includes the peelings of vegetables and fruits, eggshells and other kinds. Just do not add up on the materials that will attract unwanted visitors to your compost. Do not throw in excess food especially meats.

You must keep the pile that is holding up your compost moist. But keep it at a moist level. Your pile must not be totally wet. To do this, you must add up just bits of water to the pile periodically or when you deem that it is necessary. Others will suggest using beers instead of plain water. Beers contain yeast that will then make the bacteria on the pile contented with glee.

Saturday, October 10, 2015

A Look Back at how Vanessa Hudgens Started in her Acting Career (part 2 of 2)

For the two equally successful “High School Musical” TV movie, Hudgens played the role of Gabriella Montez. She played the love interest of real-life boyfriend, Zac Efron. Their roles had given them the “Best Chemistry” award given by Teen Choice Awards. The first movie also had a hit soundtrack and it brought the group on a concert tour worldwide. A book series was also made out of it.

With all the success she has garnered, Hudgens became the number seven on Forbes magazine’s top earning list of stars who are under 21. She was 18 years old at the time. She has an estimated $2 million of earnings. “High School Musical 3: Senior Year” is set to be released on October 24, 2008.

This talented gal was ranked 62nd of the Most Sexiest Woman on FHM just this year. She was also at number 12 at Maxim’s 100 Hot List. And she was also part of People magazine’s 100 Most Beautiful People.

Life on the Spotlight He career was marked with controversy when provocative pictures of Hudgens proliferated the Internet on September 6, 2007. The photos were passed on through emails, mobile phones and other devices. There were rumors then that she would be pulled out from the High School Musical franchise because she was no longer fit to be called a model for the youth.

But everything was settled. And Hudgens apologized to the fans and her family. After that, all is well again for this young superstar. Just looking back on how did Vanessa Hudgens get started in her acting career will inspire young minds about this craft if they are planning on joining the bandwagon.


A Look Back at how Vanessa Hudgens Started in her Acting Career (part 1 of 2)

How did Vanessa Hudgens get started in her acting career? This girl was born Vanessa Anne Hudgens on December 14, 1988 in Salinas, California. Her looks can be attributed to her parents’ descents. Her dad, Greg Hudgens is an American with the Native American and Irish background. Her mother, Gina, is a Filipino who grew up in Manila with traces of Filipino, Chinese and Spanish blood.

 Career Path Vanessa was inclined on the performing arts since she was a child. After she finished seventh-grade at the Orange County High School of the Arts, Vanessa opted for a home school setup.

When she was eight years old, she began joining musical plays. She was included on the main and supporting casts of plays such as "The Wizard of Oz," "The Music Man," "Damn Yankees," "Evita," "Carousel," The King and I," and "The Music Man.” Everything happened by chance for little Vanessa. Her first gig was a commercial. But it was purely accidental why she landed the part. She went on the audition just because her friend, who was supposed to go there, got sick and asked her to come instead.

In 2003, she debuted in the feature film "Thirteen." This stars Evan Rachel Wood and Holly Hunter. Vanessa also starred in "Thunderbirds," an action-adventure film. But Hudgens hit it big after playing the part of Gabriella in High School Musical, a TV movie made by the Disney Channel that was first released in 2006. That same year, she was able to release her debut album entitled “V.” In July of 2008, her second album entitled “Identified” was released.

After she started on movies, she also played bit roles for television. She guest starred for TV shows such as “The Bothers Garcia,” “Still Standing,” “Quintuplets,” “Drake and Josh” and “The Suite Life of Zack and Cody.